Office of Science Education skip navigation
Office of Science Education Office of Science Education LifeWorks Icons
Home > LifeWorks > Median Salary
LifeWorks Icons
Salary Range
Browse health and medical science careers by median annual salary nationwide.

Less than $20,000 per year (1)
$20,000 - $40,000 per year (40)
$41,000 - $60,000 per year (32)
$61,000 - $80,000 per year (24)
More than $80,000 per year (36)

Less than $20,000 per year

Back to Top Back to top
Conduct qualitative and quantitative chemical analyses or chemical experiments in laboratories for quality or process control or to develop new products or knowledge.

$20,000 - $40,000 per year

Back to Top Back to top
Aide, Home Health
Home Health Aides provide routine, personal healthcare, such as bathing, dressing, or grooming, to elderly, convalescent, or disabled persons in the home of patients or in a residential care facility.
Aide, Nursing, Orderlies and Attendants
Provide basic patient care under the direction of nursing staff. Perform duties, such as feeding, bathing, dressing, grooming, or moving patients and changing linens.
Aide, Occupational Therapist
Under close supervision of an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant, occupational Therapist aides typically prepare materials and assemble equipment used during treatment. They are responsible for a range of clerical tasks, including scheduling appointments, answering the telephone, restocking or ordering depleted supplies, and filling out insurance forms or other paperwork.
Aide, Personal and Home-Care
Assist elderly or disabled adults with daily living activities at the person's home or in a daytime non-residential facility. Duties performed at a place of residence may include keeping house (making beds, doing laundry, washing dishes) and preparing meals. May provide meals and supervised activities at non-residential care facilities. May advise families, the elderly, and disabled on such things as nutrition, cleanliness, and household utilities.
Aide, Pharmacy
Record drugs delivered to the pharmacy, store incoming merchandise, and inform the supervisor of stock needs. May use a cash register and accept prescriptions for filling.
Aide, Physical Therapist
Under close supervision of a physical therapist or physical therapy assistant, perform only delegated, selected, or routine tasks in specific situations. These duties include preparing the patient and the treatment area.
Aide, Psychiatric
Care for mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed individuals. They work under a team that may include psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurses, social workers, and therapists.
Assistant, Dental
Perform a variety of patient care, office, and laboratory duties. They assist dentists, set up patient and equipment, and keep records.
Assistant, Medical
Perform routine administrative and clinical tasks to keep the offices and clinics of physicians, podiatrists, chiropractors, and optometrists running smoothly.
Assistant, Veterinary, and Laboratory Animal Caretakers
Feed, water, and examine pets and other nonfarm animals for signs of illness, disease, or injury in laboratories and animal hospitals and clinics. Clean and disinfect cages and work areas, and sterilize laboratory and surgical equipment. May provide routine post-operative care, administer medication orally or topically, or prepare samples for laboratory examination under the supervision of veterinary or laboratory animal technologists or technicians, veterinarians, or scientists.
Counselor, Mental Health
Counsel with emphasis on prevention. Work with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental health. May help individuals deal with addictions and substance abuse; family, parenting, and marital problems; suicide; stress management; problems with self-esteem; and issues associated with aging and mental and emotional health.
Counselor, Rehabilitation
Help people deal with the personal, social, and vocational effects of disabilities. They counsel people with disabilities resulting from birth defects, illness or disease, accidents, or the stress of daily life.
Counselor, Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder
Counsel and advise individuals with alcohol, drug, gambling, and eating disorders. They counsel individuals who are addicted to drugs to help them identify behaviors and problems related to their addictions. They hold counseling sessions for one person, families, or groups of people to assist them in dealing with their problems.
Prepare bodies for burial according to certain procedures and legal requirements.
Fitness Trainer and Aerobics Instructor
Instruct or coach groups or individuals in exercise activities and the fundamentals of sports. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation. Observe participants and inform them of corrective measures necessary to improve their skills. Those required to hold teaching degrees should be reported in the appropriate teaching category.
Medical Equipment Preparer
Prepare, sterilize, install, or clean laboratory or health-care equipment. May perform routine laboratory tasks and operate or inspect equipment.
Medical Transcriptionist
Use transcribing machines with headset and foot pedal to listen to recordings by physicians and other healthcare professionals dictating a variety of medical reports, such as emergency room visits, diagnostic imaging studies, operations, chart reviews, and final summaries. Transcribe dictated reports and translate medical jargon and abbreviations into their expanded forms. Edit as necessary and return reports in either printed or electronic form to the dictator for review and signature, or correction.
Nurse, Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational
Care for ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled people in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, private homes, group homes, and similar institutions. May work under the supervision of a registered nurse. Must have a nursing license.
Design, measure, fit, and adapt lenses and frames for clients according to written optical prescriptions or specifications. Help clients select frames. Measure customer for size of eyeglasses and coordinate frames with facial and eye measurements and optical prescription. Prepare work order for optical laboratory, including instructions for grinding and mounting lenses in frames.
Secretary, Medical
Perform secretarial duties using specific knowledge of medical terminology and hospital clinic, or laboratory procedures. Duties include scheduling appointments, billing patients, and compiling and recording medical charts, reports, and correspondence.
Social Worker, Child, Family, and School
Provide social services and assistance to improve the social and psychological functioning of children and their families and to maximize the family well-being and the academic functioning of children. May assist single parents, arrange adoptions, and find foster homes for abandoned or abused children. In schools, they address such problems as teenage pregnancy, misbehavior, and truancy. May also advise teachers on how to deal with problem children.
Social Worker, Mental Health and Substance Abuse
Assess and treat individuals with mental, emotional, or substance abuse problems, including abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and/or other drugs. Activities may include individual and group therapy, crisis intervention, case management, client advocacy, prevention, and education.
Technician or Technologist, Veterinary
Perform medical tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases in animals. Prepare vaccines and serums to prevent diseases. Prepare tissue samples, take blood samples, and conduct laboratory tests, such as urinalysis and blood counts. Clean and sterilize instruments and materials and maintain equipment and machines.
Technician, Biological
Assist biological and medical scientists in laboratories. Set up, operate, and maintain laboratory instruments and equipment, monitor experiments, make observations, and calculate and record results. May analyze organic substances, such as blood, food, and drugs.
Technician, Dental Laboratory
Construct and repair full or partial dentures or dental appliances.
Technician, Emergency Medical, and Paramedic
Assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, and rescue trapped individuals. Transport injured or sick people to medical facilities.
Technician, Environmental Science and Protection, Including Health
Perform laboratory and field tests to monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution, including those that affect health. Under direction of an environmental scientist or specialist, may collect samples of gases, soil, water, and other materials for testing and take corrective actions as assigned.
Technician, Health Information
According to the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA), registered health information technicians (RHITs) ensure the quality of medical records by verifying their completeness, accuracy, and proper entry into computer systems.
Technician, Medical and Clinical Laboratory
Perform routine medical laboratory tests for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May work under the supervision of a medical technologist.
Technician, Medical Appliance
Construct, fit, maintain, or repair medical supportive devices, such as braces, artificial limbs, joints, arch supports, and other surgical and medical appliances.
Technician, Medical Library
Library technicians help librarians acquire, prepare, and organize material, and assist users in finding information. They assist readers in the use of library catalogs, databases, and indexes to locate books and other materials; and by answering questions that require only brief consultation of standard references. Library technicians compile records; sort and shelve books; remove or repair damaged books; register patrons; and check materials in and out of the circulation process.
Technician, Medical Records and Health Information
Compile, process, and maintain medical records of hospital and clinic patients in a manner consistent with medical, administrative, ethical, legal, and regulatory requirements of the healthcare system.
Technician, Ophthalmic Laboratory
Set up and operate variety of machines and equipment to grind and polish lens and other optical elements.
Technician, Pharmacy
Prepare medications under the direction of a pharmacist. May measure, mix, count out, label, and record amounts and dosages of medications. .
Technician, Psychiatric
Care for mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed people, following physician instructions and hospital procedures. Monitor patients' physical and emotional well-being and report to medical staff.
Technician, Radiologic
Maintain and use equipment and supplies necessary to demonstrate portions the human body on X-ray film or fluoroscopic screen for diagnostic purposes.
Technician, Registered, Dietetic
Help dietitians provide food service and nutritional programs. Under the supervision of dietitians, may plan and produce meals based on established guidelines, teach principles of food and nutrition, or counsel people.
Technologist, Surgical
Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel. May help set up operating room, prepare and transport patients for surgery, adjust lights and equipment, pass instruments and other supplies to surgeons and surgeon's assistants, hold retractors, cut sutures, and help count sponges, needles, supplies, and instruments.
Therapist, Kinesiotherapist
According to the American Kinesiotherapy Association (AKTA), "Kinesiotherapy is the application of scientifically based exercise principles adapted to enhance the strength, endurance, and mobility of individuals with functional limitations or those requiring extended physical conditioning."
Therapist, Recreational
Plan, direct, or coordinate medically-approved recreation programs for patients in hospitals, nursing homes, or other institutions. Activities include sports, trips, dramatics, social activities, and arts and crafts. May assess a patient condition and recommend appropriate recreational activity.

$41,000 - $60,000 per year

Back to Top Back to top
Assistant, Occupational Therapy
Assist occupational therapists in providing occupational therapy treatments and procedures. May, in accordance with state laws, assist in development of treatment plans, carry out routine functions, direct activity programs, and document the progress of treatments. Generally requires formal training.
Assistant, Physical Therapist
Assist physical therapists in providing physical therapy treatments and procedures. They help patients who are recovering from injuries, illnesses, and surgery regain movement and manage pain. Physical therapist assistants are involved in the direct care of patients.
Research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and functions.
Biologist, Environmental Health Scientist
Conduct research or perform investigation for the purpose of identifying, abating, or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or the health of the population. Utilizing knowledge of various scientific disciplines may collect, synthesize, study, report, and take action based on data derived from measurements or observations of air, food, soil, water, and other sources.
Biology Teacher, Secondary
Teachers act as facilitators or coaches, using interactive discussions and “hands-on” approaches to help students learn. They utilize “props” or “manipulatives” to help children understand abstract concepts, solve problems, and develop critical thought processes. To encourage collaboration in solving problems, students are increasingly working in groups to discuss and solve problems together. Preparing students for the future workforce is the major stimulus generating the changes in education. To be prepared, students must be able to interact with others, adapt to new technology, and think through problems logically. Teachers provide the tools and the environment for their students to develop these skills.
Blood Banking, Specialist in
According to the American Medical Association's Health Care Careers Directory (2009-2010), Specialists in Blood Banking (SBB) perform both routine and specialized tests in blood centers, transfusion services, reference laboratories, and research facilities. SBB use methodologies that conform to the AABB (American Association of Blood Banks) "Standards for Blood Banks and Transfusion Services."
Counselor, Genetic
Genetic counselors often work in clinical practice with prenatal, pediatric, adult, and/or cancer genetics patients. They are members of healthcare teams that provide information and support to families whose members may have or are at risk of having various genetic conditions. Many genetic counselors are involved in education of health care professionals as well as the general population. Genetic counselors also coordinate and/or conduct research projects in a variety of settings, serve as consultants, work in the marketing departments of commercial laboratories, and coordinate state run genetics programs.
Curator, Health and Medical Science Museum
Oversee health and medical science museum collections and historical sites; acquire items through purchases, gifts, field exploration, and intermuseum exchanges; conduct research, and design and prepare exhibits.
Dietitian and Nutritionist
Plan and conduct food-service or nutritional programs to assist in the promotion of health and disease control. May supervise activities of a department providing large-quantity food services, counsel individuals, or conduct nutritional research.
Health Educator
Health educators teach people about behaviors that promote wellness. They develop programs and materials to encourage people to make healthy decisions.
Librarian, Medical
Provide health information about new medical treatments, clinical trials and standard trials procedures, tests, and equipment to physicians, allied health professionals, patients, consumers, and corporations. They help physicians provide quality care to patients, help patients find information, answer consumers’ questions, and provide information to the health care industries.
Manager, Meeting Planner and Conference
Coordinate activities of staff and convention personnel to make arrangements for group meetings and conventions.
Medical Equipment Repairer
Test, adjust, or repair biomedical or electromedical equipment.
Medical Illustrator
Create material designed to facilitate the recording and dissemination of medical and scientific knowledge through visual communication media.
Nurse, Registered
Assess health problems and needs of patients, develop and implement nursing care plans, and maintain medical records. Administer nursing care to ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled patients. May advise patients on health maintenance and disease prevention. Licensing or registration is required.
Occupational Health and Safety Specialist
Review, evaluate, and analyze work environments and design programs and procedures to control, eliminate, and prevent disease or injury caused by chemical, physical, and biological agents or ergonomic factors. May conduct inspections and enforce adherence to laws and regulations governing the health and safety of individuals. May be employed in the public or private sector.
Public Relations Specialist
Public relations specialists—also referred to as communications specialists and media specialists, among other titles—serve as advocates for businesses, nonprofit associations, universities, hospitals, and other organizations, and build and maintain positive relationships with the public.
Social Worker, Medical
Provide persons, families, or vulnerable populations with the psychosocial support needed to cope with chronic, acute, or terminal illnesses, such as Alzheimer's, cancer, or AIDS. Services include advising family care givers, providing patient education and counseling, and making necessary referrals for other social services.
Teacher, Postsecondary Nursing, and Instructors
Demonstrate and teach patient care in classroom and clinical units to nursing students. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.
Teacher, Postsecondary, Recreation and Fitness Studies
Teach courses pertaining to recreation, leisure, and fitness studies, including exercise physiology and facilities management.
Technician or Technologist, Histotechnician-technologist
According to the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), the histotechnician prepares very thin sections of body tissues for microscopic examination by a pathologist.
Technician, Chemical
Conduct chemical and physical laboratory tests to assist scientists in making qualitative and quantitative analyses of solids, liquids, and gaseous materials for purposes, such as research and development of new products or processes, quality control, maintenance of environmental standards, and other work involving experimental, theoretical, or practical application of chemistry and related sciences.
Technician, Forensic Science
Collect, identify, classify, and analyze physical evidence related to criminal investigations. Perform tests on weapons or substances, such as fiber, hair, and tissue to determine significance to investigation. May testify as expert witnesses on evidence or crime laboratory techniques. May serve as specialists in area of expertise, such as ballistics, fingerprinting, handwriting, or biochemistry.
Technician, Medical Coding
Technicians who specialize in coding are called medical coders or coding specialists. Medical coders assign a code to each diagnosis and procedure by using classification systems software. The classification system determines the amount for which healthcare providers will be reimbursed if the patient is covered by Medicare, Medicaid, or other insurance programs using the system. Coders may use several coding systems, such as those required for ambulatory settings, physician offices, or long-term care.
Technician, Respiratory Therapy
Provide specific, well-defined respiratory care procedures under the direction of respiratory therapists and physicians.
Technologist and Technician, Cardiovascular
Conduct tests on pulmonary or cardiovascular systems of patients for diagnostic purposes. May conduct or assist in electrocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, pulmonary-functions, lung capacity, and similar tests.
Technologist, Electroneurodiagnostic
According to the AMA Health professions description, electroneurodiagnostic (END) technology is the medical diagnostic field devoted to the recording and study of electrical activity in the brain and nervous system.
Technologist, Medical and Clinical Laboratory
Perform complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May train or supervise staff.
Technologist, Radiologic
Radiologic technologists and technicians take x rays and administer nonradioactive materials into patients’ bloodstreams for diagnostic purposes. Some specialize in diagnostic imaging technologies, such as computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Therapist, Art
Art therapy is a mental health profession that uses the creative process of art making to improve and enhance the physical, mental and emotional well-being of individuals of all ages.
Therapist, Respiratory
Evaluate, treat, and care for people who have breathing or other cardiopulmonary disorders. Have major responsibility for all respiratory care approaches, including the supervision of respiratory therapy technicians. Start and carry out therapeutic procedures, maintain patient records, and select, assemble, check, and operate equipment.
Trainer, Athletic
Evaluate, advise, and treat athletes to assist recovery from injury, avoid injury, or maintain peak physical fitness.

$61,000 - $80,000 per year

Back to Top Back to top
Administrator, Medical Database
Work with medical and scientific database management systems software and determine ways to organize and store data, determine user requirements, set up computer databases, and test and coordinate changes.
Analyst, Program
Program Analysts are responsible for planning, analyzing and evaluating the effectiveness of the operating programs. These positions utilize a high degree of qualitative and quantitative analytical skills in analyzing, evaluating, and improving the effectiveness of the operations. The major duties of this position include employing advanced qualitative and quantitative techniques to analyze and measure the effectiveness, efficiency, and productivity of organizational programs, establishing study methods and techniques and analyzing and evaluating the effectiveness of complex program operations.
Bioinformatics is the field of science in which biology, computer science, and information technology merge to form a single, integrated discipline. Bioinformatics utilizes techniques from applied mathematics, statistics, and computer science to analyze complex chemical and DNA data to solve biological problems at the molecular level. Bioinformaticians play an essential role in gathering and interpreting data from the genome sequencing of diverse organisms, including humans.
Biologist, Microbiologist
Investigate the growth, structure, development, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Includes medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.
Research or study physical principles of living cells and organisms, their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena.
Engages in the development of mathematical theory or apply statistical theory and methods to collect, organize, interpret, and summarize numerical biological data to provide usable information.
Adjust spinal column and other articulations of the body to correct abnormalities of the human body believed to be caused by interference with the nervous system. Examine patients to determine nature and extent of disorder. Manipulate spine or other involved area. May use supplementary measures, such as exercise, rest, water, light, heat, and nutritional therapy.
Dental Hygienist
Clean teeth and examine mouth, head, and neck for signs of oral disease. May educate patients on oral hygiene, take and develop X-rays, or apply fluoride or sealants.
Investigate and describe the causes and distribution of diseases, disabilities, and other health outcomes. They also develop methods of disease prevention and control.
Orthotist and Prosthetist
Assist patients with disabling conditions of limbs and spine or with partial or total absence of limb by fitting and preparing orthopedic braces or prostheses.
Physician, Audiologist
Assess and treat people with hearing and related disorders. May fit hearing aids, provide auditory training, and perform research related to hearing problems.
Research or study cellular structure and functions, or organ system functions, of plants, and animals.
Psychologist, Clinical
Diagnose or evaluate mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests, and formulate and administer programs of treatment.
Psychologist, Counseling
Assess and evaluate individuals' problems through the use of case history, interview, and observation and provide individual or group counseling services to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment.
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products
Sell medical equipment, products, and services, not including pharmaceuticals. Some of the more specific tasks you would do are: promote the sale of medical and dental equipment, supplies, and services to doctors, dentists, hospitals, medical schools, and retail establishments; select surgical appliances from what's available and fit and sell appliances to customers; and study data describing new products to accurately recommend the purchase of equipment and supplies.
Science Writer
Science and medical writers prepare a range of formal documents presenting detailed information on the physical or medical sciences. They convey research findings for scientific or medical professions and organize information for advertising or public relations needs. Many writers work with researchers on technical subjects to prepare written interpretations of data and other information for a general readership.
Scientist, Medical
Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation or other research, production, technical writing, and related activities.
Sonographer, Diagnostic Medical
Produce ultrasonic recordings of internal organs for use by physicians.
Speech-Language Pathologist
Speech-language pathologists, sometimes called speech therapists, assess, diagnose, treat, and help to prevent speech, language, cognitive, communication, voice, swallowing, fluency, and other related disorders.
Technologist, Cytotechnologist
According to the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) "A cytotechnologist (CT) is a laboratory specialist who is responsible for examining human cell samples under the microscope for early signs of cancer and other diseases."
Technologist, Nuclear Medicine
Prepare, administer, and measure radioactive isotopes in therapeutic, diagnostic, and tracer studies, using a variety of radioisotope equipment. Prepare stock solutions of radioactive materials and calculate doses to be administered by radiologists. Subject patients to radiation. Execute blood volume, red cell survival, and fat absorption studies following standard laboratory techniques.
Therapist, Occupational
Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that help restore vocational, homemaking, and daily living skills, as well as general independence, to disabled people.
Therapist, Physical
Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that improve mobility, relieve pain, increase strength, and decrease or prevent deformity of patients suffering from disease or injury.
Therapist, Radiation
Radiation therapy is the use of radiation to treat cancer in the human body. As part of a medical radiation oncology team, radiation therapists use machines—called linear accelerators—to administer radiation treatment to patients.

More than $80,000 per year

Back to Top Back to top
Administrator, Chief Executives
Government executives determine and formulate policies and provide overall direction of federal, sate, local, or international government activities. Plan, direct, and coordinate operational activities at the highest level of management with the help of subordinate managers.
Administrator, Health Information
Health information managers are responsible for the maintenance and security of all patient records. Recent regulations enacted by the Federal Government require that all healthcare providers maintain electronic patient records and that these records be secure. As a result, health information managers must keep up with current computer and software technology, as well as with legislative requirements. In addition, as patient data become more frequently used for quality management and in medical research, health information managers must ensure that databases are complete, accurate, and available only to authorized personnel. Health Information Managers and Administrators interact with all levels of an organization—clinical, financial, administrative—that utilize patient data in decision-making and everyday operations.
Assistant, Anesthesiologist
According to the American Medical Association, Health Care Careers Directory (2009-2010), Anesthesiologist Assistants are highly skilled allied health professionals who work under the direction of licensed anesthesiologists to develop and implement anesthesia care plans Anesthesiologist Assistants gather patient data, to assist in the evaluation of patients’ physical and mental status, to record the surgical procedures planned, and to help the directing anesthesiologist administer the therapeutic plan that has been formulated for the anesthetic care of the patient. Assist anesthesiologists in the administration of anesthesia for surgical and non-surgical procedures. Monitor patient status and provide patient care during surgical treatment.
Assistant, Pathologists'
According to the American Medical Association's Health Care Career Directory, Pathologists' Assistants, are physicians who examine tissue specimens from patients and perform autopsies to diagnose the disease processes involved. Pathologists’ assistants participate in autopsies and in the examination, dissection, and processing of tissue specimens. They function as physician extenders.
Biochemist and Biophysicist
Research or study chemical composition and processes of living organisms that affect vital processes -- such as growth and aging -- to determine chemical actions and effects on organisms such as the action of foods, drugs, or other substances on body functions and tissues.
Biomedical Engineer
Apply knowledge of engineering, biology, and biomechanical principles to the design, development, and evaluation of biological and health systems and products, such as artificial organs, prostheses, instrumentation, medical information systems, and health management and care delivery systems.
Diagnose and treat diseases, injuries, and malformations of teeth and gums and related oral structures. May treat diseases of nerve, pulp, and other dental tissues.
Dentist, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons do all kinds of surgery involving the mouth, teeth, jaws and face. They reconstruct faces shattered by car accidents and gunshots, remove tumors and cancerous lesions, correct bites by surgically repositioning the jaws, place dental implants, repair cleft palates, perform all kinds of facial cosmetic surgery, and extract impacted wisdom teeth.
Dentist, Orthodontist
Examine, diagnose, and treat dental and mouth problems. Design and make appliances that realign teeth and jaws to produce and maintain normal function and to improve appearance.
Dentist, Prosthodontist
Make oral prostheses to replace missing teeth and other oral structures to correct natural and acquired deformations of mouth and jaws, to restore and maintain oral function (such as chewing and speaking), and to improve appearance.
Engineer, Chemical
Apply the principles of chemistry and engineering to solve problems involving the production or use of chemicals; builds a bridge between science and manufacturing.
According to the American Medical Association, Careers in Medicine, an Immunologist is a physician who is trained in the evaluation, physical and laboratory diagnosis and management of disorders involving the immune system. Selected examples of such conditions include: asthma, anaphylaxis, rhinitis, eczema and adverse reactions to drugs, foods and insect stings as well as immune deficiency diseases (both acquired and congenital), defects in host defense and problems related to autoimmune disease, organ transplantation or malignancies of the immune system.
Lawyer, Patent
Represents clients in legal proceedings, draws up legal documents, and manages or advises clients on legal transactions. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas of law.
Manager, Industrial Production (Drug Manufacturing)
Plan, direct, or coordinate the work activities and resources necessary for manufacturing medicinal and other health-related products in accordance with cost, quality, and quantity specifications.
Manager, Medical and Health Services
Plan, direct, or coordinate medical and health services in hospitals, clinics, managed-care organizations, public health agencies, or similar organizations.
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries of the eyes and related structures.
Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.
Compound and dispense medications following prescriptions issued by physicians, dentists, or other authorized medical practitioners.
Physician Assistant
Provide healthcare services typically performed by a physician, under the supervision of a physician. Conduct complete physicals, provide treatment, and counsel patients. May, in some cases, prescribe medication. Must graduate from an accredited educational program for physician assistants.
Physician, Anesthesiologist
Anesthesiologists focus on the care of surgical patients and pain relief. Like other physicians, they evaluate and treat patients. efforts of their staffs. These critical care specialists are responsible for maintenance of the patient’s vital life functions—heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, breathing—during surgery. They also work outside of the operating room, providing pain relief in the intensive care unit, during labor and delivery, and for those who suffer from chronic pain.
Physician, Cardiologist
Physicians and surgeons diagnose illnesses and prescribe and administer treatment for people suffering from injury or disease. Physicians examine patients, obtain medical histories, and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. They counsel patients on diet, hygiene, and preventive healthcare.
Physician, Clinical Pathologist
According to the American Society for Investigative Pathology (ASIP) "The pathologist functions in three broad areas, as an investigator, as a teacher, and as a diagnostician. Fundamental to the discipline of pathology is the need to integrate clinical information with physiological, biochemical and molecular laboratory studies, together with observations of tissue alterations."
Physician, Family and General
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries that commonly occur in the general population.
Physician, Hematologist
According to the American Society of Hematology, "a hematologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and/or investigation of disorders of the hematopoietic, hemostatic, and lymphatic systems, and disorders of the interaction between blood and blood vessel wall."
Physician, Internist
Diagnose and provide non-surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of internal organ systems. Provide care mainly for adults who have a wide range of problems associated with the internal organs.
Physician, Neurologist
According to the American Academy of Neurology (AAN), " A neurologist is a medical doctor with specialized training in diagnosing, treating, and managing disorders of the brain and nervous system. Neurologists do not perform surgery."
Physician, Obstetrician and Gynecologist
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases of women, especially those affecting the reproductive system and the process of childbirth.
Physician, Orthopaedic Surgeon
According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, an orthopaedic surgeon is a physician devoted to the diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and rehabilitation of injuries, disorders, and diseases of the body’s musculoskeletal system.
Physician, Pediatrician
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent children's diseases and injuries.
Physician, Psychiatrist
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent disorders of the mind. Duties include diagnosing the nature and extent of mental disorders, prescribing medication, and conducting tests or examinations to evaluate patients' general physical condition.
Physician, Pulmonary
Physicians and surgeons diagnose illnesses and prescribe and administer treatment for people suffering from injury or disease. Physicians examine patients, obtain medical histories, and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. They counsel patients on diet, hygiene, and preventive healthcare.
Physician, Surgeon
Treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive methods, such as manual manipulation or by using instruments and appliances.
Diagnose and treat diseases and deformities of the human foot.
Surgeon, Vascular
Surgeons treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive methods, such as manual manipulation or by using instruments and appliances.
Teacher, Postsecondary, Health Specialties
Teach courses in health specialties, such as veterinary medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, therapy, laboratory technology, and public health.
Diagnose and treat diseases and dysfunctions of animals. May engage in a particular function, such as research and development, consultation, administration, technical writing, sale or production of commercial products, rendering of technical services to commercial firms or other organizations, and inspecting livestock.